Натэлла Сперанская. Евразия и Европа: диалог «больших пространств»

Карл Шмитт рассматривал землю как единое целое и занимался поиском её глобального предназначения. Это «целое» было оформлено Шмиттом в виде концепции Номоса. Он использовал греческое слово, происходящее от глагола «nemein», которое тождественно немецкому «nehmen» — «брать». Номос заключал в себе три акта первородной драмы: «взятие», «деление и распределение взятого», «эксплуатацию и использование взятого и распределённого». Согласно Шмитту, Номос земли был всегда. Первый Номос описывается им как «земля обетованная» древних народов. Это Номос древности и Средневековья. Он перестал существовать после открытия великих океанов и американского континента. Так было положено начало второму Номосу, номосу национальных суверенных государств, имевшему евроцентричную структуру. События первой мировой войны привели к его разрушению, вследствие чего земля распалась на восточную и западную части, которые находились в состоянии «холодной» войны. Речь идёт не о простой географической противоположности, а о более изначальном и глубоком протиповоставлении. 

Natella Speranskaya . Eurasia and Europe: Dialogue of “Big Spaces”

Carl Schmitt regarded the earth as a single whole and was looking for its global mission. This "whole" was formed by Schmitt in the concept of Nomos. He used the Greek word derived from the verb «nemein», which is identical to German “nehmen” - “to take”. Nomos comprises three acts of the drama: "taking", "division and distribution of the taken", "exploitation and use of the taken and distributed." According to Schmitt, Nomos of the Earth existed always. First Nomos is described as a "promised land" of ancient peoples. It is the Nomos of the ancient times and the Middle Ages. It ceased to exist after the exploration of the great oceans and the American continent. Thus began the Second Nomos, the Nomos of national sovereign states that had the Eurocentric structure. Events of the World War II led to its destruction, so that the land was divided into east and west, which were in a state of "cold war". It is not about mere geographic opposites, but a more original and profound contradistinctions. 

The multipolar world. An interview with Boris Nad


The collapse of the Soviet Union and the consequent triumph of the United States, and the attempt to impose the American model at the global level open a real Pandora's box: it was a prelude to two decades of permanent instability, social and economic, military intervention and brutal wars with millions of victims, from those in the Persian Gulf to the wars in the Balkans or in the Middle East, whether by direct involvement of the global hegemon or foreign agency, for American interests.


The multipolar world. An interview with Wagnão Correia


Bipolarity has always been present in modern world history, specifically in the mythic conflict between Land and Sea, where it materialized in the antagonist pole Russia-USA, and continues to be alive, although it is not the central point of international relations anymore. This possible return to bipolarity that some analysts show, can be dispute for global power among countries that defend multipolarity and those who are against or indifferent to it. But international bipolarity, as it existed in the Cold War won’t be, in my opinion, revived. This happens because of the appearance of other poles of power and because of the enormous difference of power between Russia and the United States.

The multipolar world. An interview with Alfredo RR de Sousa


There is much talking nowadays about the emergence of the People's Republic of China as the superpower thatwould restore the bipolar model in the context of global geopolitics. Nevertheless, I believe that such a viewpoint expressesan excessively ‘economicist’ approach of the matter.  China lacks the military capability needed to match American hegemony, and we all know that relations of power are defined ultimately by sheer force. Thus, I believe that theprogressive consolidation of the links established by the SCO-Shanghai Cooperation Organization (a mutual security treatysigned in 2001 between the governments of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, involvinghigh level military cooperation between the signatory States ) soon will become one of the axes of gravity of global geopolitics, as opposed to the 'Atlanticist' block championed by the U.S.. We’ll have therefore a bipolar model integrated by multipolar actors. Observers States of the SCO, such as Iran and Pakistan, on one hand; and U.S. satellites at othercontinents besides Europe, such as Israel and Saudi Arabia, will continue to orbit around the power centers mentioned above.

The multipolar world. An interview with João Franco


I think it is very likely that a multi-polar system emerges in the next years. The weaknesses of the American society are showing day by day, and it can no longer be hidden that the liberal-capitalist system is not the panacea its propagators claimed for so many years. There are two powers that can pose a strategic challenge to America’s hegemony at the moment, and these are Russia and China. Unfortunately Europe, due to the illness of political correctness and masochism of its leadership is a dwarf in the international scene, and will never succeed whilst it maintains a subservient position regarding the United States, its major competitor for raw materials and fuels worldwide, items that Europe needs desperately for the survival of its economy.


The Last War, Gogs and Magogs of the World Government, the Russian Conquest of the Constantinople

The regime in Iran demonstrates greater integrity – religious integrity than most of the other regimes in the world of Islam. For example, Prophet Muhammad saw - Allah’s Blessings be upon him prophesized – this is his prophesy - that Muslims are going to form an alliance with Rum. It’s spelt it is pronounced R.O.O.M. – room - but the Arabic word Rum it describes Eastern Christian - Christianity when they broke away from Constantinople and they formed the Church in Rome – the Roman Catholic Church. Then you had two Christianities – one of the East - the Byzantine and one of the West which is now Rome. So the one in the East was called Rum - and in the Qur’an Allahswt refers to it as Rum. And when Muslims conquered Constantinople in a conquest which was largely shameful, uhh? and embarrassing for Islam - when they conquered Constantinople then Rum was transferred to Moscow. And so today Rum is Moscow and the allies of Moscow. So the Prophet saw prophesized that we Muslims would make an alliance with Rum. Today who is making an alliance that alliance with Rum? Who is showing religious integrity? It’s not Saudi Arabia which is allied with the Anglo- American Zionist Alliance. Rather it is Iran. And now Pakistan finally - since the sword is at its throat now – because India is lusting to attack from the East and NATO is preparing to attack from Afghanistan to destroy Pakistan’s nuclear plants and nuclear weapons and to break up Pakistan into bits and pieces – that’s their plan. Now that the Pakistani regime has realized that the moment of truth has arrived after all these years of foolishness – now they’re trying to build closer ties with Russia. Personally I think it’s too late now for them to do that.


The multipolar world. Interview with Sergio Gouvea (Brasil)


Natella Speranskaya: The collapse of the Soviet Union meant the cancellation of the Yalta system of international relations and the triumph of the single hegemon - the United States, and as a consequence, transformation of the bipolar world order to the unipolar model. Nevertheless, some analysts are still talking about a possible return to the bipolar model. How do you feel about this hypothesis? Is there a likelihood of emergence of a power capable of challenging the global hegemon?


Sergio Gouvea: I do not see the possibility of a return to the bipolar model as something likely to happen. No nation can match, or even challenge, America’s military or economic power and sphere of influence. Russia and China, which seem potentially dangerous to US’s hegemony, could not, in any way, overthrow its power. There is no global ideological basis to sustain an overturn of the situation. Globalized world has been shaped according to the United States ideal of Liberalism, since no other country has developed its own Liberal Way of Life to the extent of America, there is no serious danger of a change of actors (which would be totally meaningless, to replace a Liberal Hyperpower with another). It is already too late to try and indoctrinate the global community on a world-view other than liberalism. The very collapse of the Soviet Union shows us that such an attempt is completely out of time. 

The multipolar world. Interview with Raphael Machado (Brasil)


Natella Speranskaya: The collapse of the Soviet Union meant the cancellation of the Yalta system of international relations and the triumph of the single hegemon - the United States, and as a consequence, transformation of the bipolar world order to the unipolar model. Nevertheless, some analysts are still talking about a possible return to the bipolar model. How do you feel about this hypothesis? Is there a likelihood of emergence of a power capable of challenging the global hegemon?


Raphael Machado: Whenever the possibility of a return to the bipolar model is mentioned the major contender for the place previously occupied by the USSR is usually considered to be China, specially because of its rising economic and military capabilities. This is a possible scenario, but it isn’t really as desirable as we could initially think, because since Deng Xiaoping’s capitalist reforms China’s economic partnership with the United States has grown stronger, as have the diplomatic contacts between both countries. Hence, a bipolar world where the poles are represented by the U.S. and China possibly doesn’t offer a real anti-globalist alternative for the oppressed peoples of the world.


Global Revolutionary Alliance AGAINST North American hegemony

In order to create the multipolar world order we need strong consolidation of all antiglobalist forces into the united political front. This front should be necessarily international one. The Creation of Global Revolutionary Alliance in 2011 was caused by the necessity to react against "the unipolar moment» and the implicit planetary dictatorship of the liberalism and a globalism. It was conceived in order to propose alternative.
We look for cooperation with people and the organizations who  understand realistically the threat which proceeds from imperialistic policy of US and who are are ready to join us in opposition North American ideological, political, strategic and economic hegemony.


Для перехода к многополярному миру нам не хватает прочной консолидации всех антиглобалистских сил в единый политический фронт – в международном масштабе. Создание Глобального Революционного Альянса (Global Revolutionary Alliance) в 2011 году было продиктовано необходимостью формирования альтернативы  «однополярному моменту» и сопутствующим ему либерализму и глобализму.
Мы ищем сотрудничества с людьми и организациями, осознающими угрозу, которая исходит от северо-американской империалистской политики, и готовы присоединиться к нам в противостоянии «однополярному моменту» и американской гегемонии. 

Alain De Benoist: the Decay of Modern Society

Peaceful modern societies which respect the individual evolved from age-old familistic ties. The transition from band-type societies, through clan and tribal organizations, into nation-states was peaceful only when accomplished without disruption of the basic ties which link the individual to the larger society by a sense of a common history, culture and kinship. The sense of “belonging” to a nation by virtue of such shared ties promotes cooperation, altruism and respect for other members. In modern times, traditional ties have been weakened by the rise of mass societies and rapid global communication, factors which bring with them rapid social change and new philosophies which deny the significance of the sense of nationhood, and emphasize individualism and individualistic goals. The cohesion of societies has consequently been threatened, and replaced by multicultural and multi-ethnic societies and the overwhelming sense of lost identity in the mass global society in which Western man, at least, has come to conceive himself as belonging.