Antonio Grego. Gaddafi and Italy, the Treaty on Friendship

Berlusconi has made the same mistake in the eyes of the elites that control Italy, trying to create a partially independent foreign policy especially towards Russia and Libya. The climax of these relations with Libya, in addition to economic agreements, is marked by the signature of the treaty of friendship and cooperation between Italy and Libya taken place in Benghazi in 2008. This treaty provided, in addition to the settlement of the dispute about the colonial past of Italy, also favorable conditions for investments by Italian companies in Libya and the explicit renunciation of any use of force or interference in the internal affairs of both states. The treaty and other agreements were bringing huge economic benefits to the Italian economy and were a great opportunity for Italian companies in crisis, from this point of view, therefore, the war against Libya is a war against Italy too because it directly affects its economic interests and its security.

Grego A. Wikileaks, the Italy-Russia relations and the attempt of “colored revolution” in Italy

Tuesday, 14th December have been rejected the two no-confidence motions (one in the senate, or upper house, one in the chamber of deputies) against the Berlusconi government. The no-confidence motions were submitted by the two main opposition parties, but the leader of the revolt is Gianfranco Fini, speaker of the chamber and former main ally of Berlusconi. Fini, who was the co-founder of the centre-right party PdL (The People of Freedom, Italian: Il Popolo della Libertà), together with Berlusconi, and allied with Lega Nord in the government, is known for his strongly pro-American and pro-Israel views. During this summer Gianfranco Fini left the PdL and formed the new party “Future and Freedom”, accusing the premier Berlusconi of dictatorial manners and non-liberal views. From this moment in the mass media and society has unleashed an avalanche of accusations against the prime minister, charged of being against democracy and friend of dictators such as Gaddafi, Chavez and Putin. This fact has lead at no-confidence vote of few days ago, in which Fini and the opposition tried to bring the government to collapse and replace it with a ”technical government” to normalize the Italian politics.

In the Italian political system, the prime minister is not as powerful as the president in Russia or France and the opposition, at any time, if there is a defection of majority’s members (which is the case of Fini and his supporters), can decide to put him in minority and bring down the government. The opposition, in Italy, is made up of heterogeneous groups, among which there are left, center and right parties united only by their hatred for Berlusconi. A few days ago, they submitted to vote a no-confidence motion in the country’s parliament. Berlusconi bought some deputies and survived the no-confidence motion in the lower house by only three votes. But now he has a very narrow majority.

Italy and Russia: a strong partnership

Over the last few years the relationships between Russia and Italy have achieved excellence and among European Union countries Italy is the one whit the tightest connections with Russia. As the Russian Prime Minister stated recently, “Relations between Russia and Italy are not only a matter of good personal relations between Berlusconi and I, they are based on reciprocal state interests”[1]. Indeed, even with the previous Italian governments, a fruitful and constructive collaboration was in place. The nature of these reciprocal interests is various and quite rich.

After Wikileaks “scandals”: The western plot failed and Italy-Russia cooperation boost

Despite the huge means put in place to sabotage the relations between Italy and Russia, in particular through the piloted “scandal” of Wikileaks and then attempting to overthrow the government of Silvio Berlusconi — which I discussed in a recent article — the efforts of Westerners/Atlantists do not seem to have been successful so far. Although in Italy, in parliament and in the mass media, there is a wide and heterogeneous odd assortment of forces hostile to Russia that have their reference points in Washington, London and Tel Aviv, 2010 ended with an extremely positive balance for the ties between Italy and Russia. The attempts to undermine the Italy-Russia relations have not achieved the expected results, at least at this moment, since Italian foreign policy does not seem changed at the end of 2010 and 2011 is looming an important year for the further deepening of the relations between the two countries. Now let’s see what are these special ties between Italy and Russia, that so much concern the Atlantists.